On 18 Novemer 2017, Universities Ireland, the all-island coordinating body for Ireland’s ten universities north and south, hosted the 6th annual conference in its Decade of Centenaries series. Following on from last year’s ‘Historians on 1916’ conference, the focus of this year’s session was propaganda and mobilisation. Following the 1916 Rising, Irish politics underwent a period of profound transformation between the summer of 1916 and the winter of 1918. A major element of this was the metamorphosis of the 1916 Rising from a military failure into a successful foundation narrative of a reconstituted, republicanised, and revolutionised Sinn Féin. Much of this work was undertaken by female activists within Cuman na mBan and the wider republican movement and subsequently by released republican prisoners.
Transformative Irish by-elections punctuated the period under consideration but there is much more to the transformation of Irish politics than elections in a phase which witnessed martial law, food scares, moral panics, and the constant spectre of conscription being extended to Ireland.
A propaganda war was fought between advocates of constitutional and physical force nationalism as well as between recruiters for the Crown Forces and the Irish Republican Army during this period. The efforts of Irish republican activists between the capitulation of the Easter 1916 rebels and the General Election of 1918 can be viewed through the prism of mobilisation. Likewise, British wartime propaganda in the same period intensified. This was a time when Ireland was unique within the United Kingdom by virtue of its exemption from conscription. By taking the themes of mobilisation and propaganda, this conference sought to explore the shifting dynamics of Irish society and politics during a period that is often eclipsed by the prominence of the Rising at one end and the War of Independence at the other. In between these two major military events was a battle for hearts and minds, a clash of ideology, and the daily struggle of life in wartime. Socially, politically, and culturally, this year’s Universities Ireland Conference explored the complexities of this often-overlooked yet highly significant transitional phase in the long history of Ireland’s revolutionary decade.
Speakers included: Dr John Borgnovo, Lecturer, University College Cork; Dr William Murphy, Lecturer, Dublin City University;Dr Aidan Beatty, Lecturer, Wayne State University, Detroit; Dr Conor Mulvagh, University College Dublin; Prof Mary McAuliffe, Assistant Professor, Gender Studies, University College Dublin; Dr Leanne Blaney, Lecturer, History, University College Dublin; Dr Daithí Ó Corráin, Lecturer, History and Geography, Dublin City University; Dr Ida Milne, IRC Marie Curie Elevate Fellow, Maynooth University and Dr Margaret Ward.
All of the presentations as well as the recordings of the speakers are available below.
To View PROGRAMME please click here
Aidan Beatty – Masculinity, Race and Nationalist Propaganda, 1916-1923
Ailbhe Rogers – The welfare of Irish political prisoners in Dundalk Gaol in the aftermath of Thomas Ashe’s death, Oct 1917 – Jul 1918
Conor Heffernan – From Bloom to Battle. Tracing Ireland’s Early Physical Culture Movement
Conor Mulvagh – Manufacturing Consensus. Polite society, policy and the Irish Convention
Daithi Ó Corráin – Dissension, defection and denouement, the National Volunteers 1916-17
Dara Folan – Town & Gown’ in post Rising Ireland
Gerri ONeill – How national aid made propaganda pay
Ida Milne – The German Plot and the 1918-19 influenza pandemic, a perfectly Propagandic disease
Leanne Blaney – Cars, canvassing and conveyance during the 1918 General Election
Margaret Ward – Hanna Sheehy Skeffington and the propaganda war in America 1917-1918
Mary McAuliffe – “Post-Rising Propaganda and Republican womanhood as the ‘heroic subordinate”
Shane Browne – The National Volunteers: the power of political notables in mobilising the masses?
William Murphy – Prisons, Prisoners and Mobilising Protest, 1916-1918
Dr Aidan Beatty
Dr Mary McAuliffe
Dr John Borgnovo
Dr Daithi O Corrain
Introduction & Shane Browne
Dr Conor Mulvagh
Dr Ida Milne
Dr Margaret Ward